Introduction: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial infection that develops 48h after the initiation of mechanical ventilatory support. Current evidence-based guidelines demonstrate that VAP prevention is feasible through the implementation of certain VAP prevention bundle of interventions simultaneously. We aimed in this study to investigate the effect of VAP prevention pre- and post-implementation.
Methods: This is a single-center, cohort study that took place at the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from January 2015 to March 2018 and assessed the rate of VAP before and after implementation of the bundle.
Results: The study included 141 children, 95 were included from the pre-bundle group and 36 from the bundle group. VAP developed in 35% of the pre-bundle group compared to 31% of the bundle group (p = 0.651) with incidence rates equaled to 18 and 12 per 1000 ventilator days, respectively.
Conclusion: This study found that VAP bundle did not significantly reduce VAP rate in the PICU. Further large prospective multi-center studies with longer intervention duration are indicated to investigate the benefits of using VAP prevention bundle
Yousef M. Al Talhi is a medical alumnus of King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and is affiliated to King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Saudi Arabia. His biostatistical and research skills are acknowledged by many research experts in both institutions. He participated in multiple research courses under the umbrella of British Medical Journal and Stanford University. He presented and published original articles on international level. Yousef is always eager to learn more about medical research and make exemplary changes in medical practice.