Individuals that have established risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including advancing age, familial history of diabetes, and excessive body weight, require diagnostic evaluation to determine if they have developed type 2 diabetes. Despite literature suggesting that chronic distress can promote prolonged insulin resistance, providers risk missing a timely diagnosis that could lead to a sequela of complications. The Stress and Coping Framework for the Development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus incorporates the impact of distress on an individual’s present degree of risk secondary to established risk factors.


Dr. Minks works as an adjunct professor at the University of Missouri – St. Louis in the School of Nursing. He is a Jonas Veteran’s Health Scholar and has been recognized for his research efforts by the institutions he has worked for during his time in academia. Dr. Minks also works independently as a research consultant and mentor, assisting colleagues pursuing advanced degrees.